Speaking OUT to end clergy sexual misconduct.

Archive for June, 2013

UCC General Synod: A Field Ready for Tilling

General Synod 29! I’ve been looking forward to this event for months. The United Church of Christ rarely holds its biennial meeting in my half of the country. This time it’s right here in California, within an easy drive of my home. I signed up as a volunteer and blocked out three days, knowing nothing about the agenda. I assumed I would find somebody working on clergy sexual misconduct. Yesterday I finally got a look at the Workshops and Resolutions: nothing. Not a word.

But I am not discouraged. The Resolutions address the church’s carbon footprint, care for veterans, affordable housing, immigration reform, and other critical policy issues. The Workshops bring these big issues down to congregational size, and they address perennial issues like music, growth, and children’s ministry. Those issues have big, visible constituencies.

My issue — preventing and responding to clergy sexual misconduct — has a nearly invisible constituency. Survivors are present in nearly all congregations, but most of us are silent. Even for a big bad blogger like me, it takes courage to keep talking. Some people respond with warmth and support, but others just don’t want to hear about it. They shift uncomfortably; they go silent; they bring up a new subject. I can see it in their eyes, “There she goes again. Isn’t it time to move on?”

I am excited about General Synod, even in the absence of a workshop on the subject. I look forward to finding a way to bring this issue forward. Who knows? You might see my name under a workshop the next time General Synod meets. My supporters and detractors are both right about one thing. On this subject, it’s hard to shut me up.

Introducing SurvivorGirl007

Every survivor makes her own choice about privacy. I now choose to speak and write publicly under my real name, but along my journey I have taken every position on the spectrum. First I told no one, then I told my husband, then my associate pastor, then the leader of a survivors’ ministry, then my two closest friends at church, and finally the church leaders. The process took nearly two years. When ostracism drove me out, I started the cycle over. It was months before I told a single soul at my new church. Three years later, I am more comfortable talking about it. “Survivor” is not the first word my friends think of when they see me, and it will never be the first word I say during fellowship hour. But in my work against clergy sexual misconduct, “Survivor” is my most important identity. I have found my voice, and I’m proud to stand up and use it.

Each survivor follows the path that feels right to her. Most stay under cover. My friend “Betty,” whose support was so helpful during my crisis, lives in a close-knit community with a strong stigma against sexual scandal. She chose not to file a complaint against her abuser. “Lisa,” a church consultant and boundary trainer, works tirelessly to make churches safer, but she rarely shares her survivor status. She never reported the Sunday School teacher who abused her as a teen. Four “Jane Does” from Iowa not only filed complaints, but testified in court and sent their pastor/abuser to prison last year. These women closely guard their privacy; they didn’t speak their names publicly even at a gathering of survivors. But their willingness to be in the spotlight made justice possible.

At the other end of the spectrum, survivors Jan Tuin and Samantha Nelson tell their stories openly. Jan began her ministry by writing her story under a pseudonym; Samantha has always spoken in her own name. Today, Jan and Samantha operate ministries (respectively, Tamar’s Voice and The Hope of Survivors) for other victims and survivors.

My friend “SurvivorGirl007” runs the blog on The Hope of Survivors website (you can find the blog under the “Need Answers?” tab on the THOS website). I asked her about her work against clergy sexual abuse. “My husband and I have spoken twice,” she said. “We spoke at a benefit concert in South Carolina. I had promoted it heavily on local Christian radio stations, but there were still very few people there. There is such shame connected with clergy sexual abuse that no one wanted to be associated with it, even if they had never been a victim. So we ended up speaking mostly to the praise band.”

SurvivorGirl007 and her husband also provided support to a victim in another state. They showed the THOS powerpoint on clergy sexual abuse to the church elders and spent a day with them, helping them understand the issue. “I wish we’d had that kind of support!” she exclaimed.

I asked how she chose her pseudonym. “SurvivorGirl was obvious,” she said. “I’m a survivor of cancer as well as clergy sexual abuse. But there are a lot of SurvivorGirls out there. I chose the numbers 007 because they were part of my abuser’s email address. In essence, I survived double-oh-seven. I think my pastor chose those numbers because he saw himself as a kind of secret agent. Now I’m the secret agent, but for good, not evil.”

SurvivorGirl007 lives in a community where there is a particularly strong taboo against sexual scandal. As a result, she and her husband have lost their church community not once, but twice. Although her name was kept confidential during the proceedings, they left their old church because they were too uncomfortable to return. Within a year of joining a new church, their new pastor had to resign because of sexual misconduct. When this happened, SurvivorGirl007 and her husband began educating the congregation, using THOS materials. “At first there was a lot of interest and support for our efforts to build awareness,” she said. “But by the end of the year, they had ostracized us” — not for reporting sexual abuse, but merely for trying to raise awareness about the issue.

Despite these painful experiences, SurvivorGirl007 continues to work against clergy sexual abuse. Her pseudonym gives her the safety to speak out boldly. I am proud to stand alongside SurvivorGirl007 in the struggle for justice and healing. You can follow her blog here.

Aside

I’m published in Sojourners!

Kudos to Sojourners! They are running a great blog series on Sexual Violence and the Church. I’m proud to have a piece published, and I’m pleased with the conversation it has generated. I make the point that sexual violence doesn’t have to be physical. The shock of betrayal by a pastor can do just as much emotional and spiritual damage. I assert that sexualized grooming should be taken seriously even if the offender never crosses the line physically.
You can read my article and follow the comment stream here.

The Myth of False Claims

An open letter to clergy members who fear false claims.

Dear Pastors, Ministers, Deacons, Priests, Bishops, Elders, Rabbis, and Imams,

Put your hearts at ease: false claims almost never happen!

Victims of clergy sexual misconduct pay an enormous price for reporting abuse. Even when we can support our claims, and even when the offenders acknowledge their behavior, the process is highly traumatic. When I filed a complaint against my former pastor, the church’s response cost me my community, many close friendships, my faith and my health for a time, and very nearly my marriage — and this happened under almost a “best case” scenario.

One of my friends was abused by a different minister, a known serial offender. My friend has solid evidence of her own abuse, and the congregation still rings with stories of other victims. Yet after seeing what happened to me, my friend decided to remain silent. Her offender is still active in ordained ministry.

Because of the high cost, a person would have to be out of his or her mind to raise a false claim. Indeed, false claims are exceedingly rare. In a survey of claims against Catholic clergy over the course of more than five decades, more than 99.8% of the claims (all but 20, out of more than 10,000) were valid. A minister is almost as likely to be struck by lightning as to be falsely accused of sexual misconduct.

Victims’ greatest fear is that no one will believe them. As a survivor, this is still one of my greatest fears. I know my pastors mean no harm, but when I hear them talk about “false claims,” I feel less safe in my church. I may be the only “out” survivor in my congregation, but I’m certain there are others. According to the landmark study by Baylor University, in an average-sized congregation, at least half a dozen women have likely received sexual advances from clergy during their adult lives.

When you consider your own congregation, please be aware of this unspoken pain and tread gently.

And please be at peace. If you respect your congregants’ boundaries and protect your own, you are almost guaranteed safety from false claims.

A Tale of Two Churches

I used to belong to a large church in a large denomination with a powerful central hierarchy. Clergy reported through a chain of command to the head of the church. Every deacon, priest, and bishop, nationwide and beyond, followed the same canon law. The canon included a rigorous and widely respected process for handling complaints of sexual misconduct.

When ostracism forced me to leave, I chose a church in a denomination at the opposite end of the hierarchy scale. In my new congregation, we make the decisions about every area of church life. We choose our pastor, manage our finances, structure our staff, and plan our outreach, and we do it all through our elected council and by direct vote. When it comes to misconduct, we handle all but the most serious disciplinary concerns within the congregation.

When I made this move, I spoke with a friend from my old church, one of the few who still acknowledged me. “You have to be careful,” she warned me. “In our church, at least we have a mechanism to hold clergy accountable. Where you are going, you’ll be at the mercy of the congregation. If you have a complaint and you don’t like the way they handle it, you have nowhere else to go.”

Apparently, I’m now in the Church Where No One Can Hear You Scream.

The reality isn’t so black-and-white, of course, but my friend has a point. My congregation has a well-considered Safe Church policy, but the highest court of appeal is the senior pastor. If he* makes sexual advances to a congregant, she* is invited to report it… to him. There’s no hotline, no suggestion box, not even a trail of bread crumbs to lead her to a higher authority. Unless she is extraordinarily brave and resourceful, she must either live with the abuse or silently leave the church. Even if she manages to figure out the system, her complaint will be handled by a mostly untrained team of clergy and laypeople. The process will almost certainly traumatize her further.

Why would any woman choose a church that offered such scant protection? Why, in particular, would I choose this church over one that held clergy to such high account?

It turns out that the process wasn’t so cut-and-dried at my old church either. After I filed my complaint, the church could definitely hear me scream, and it terrified them. They took extraordinary measures to protect themselves against my suffering. The bishop asked me not to contact any leaders, lay or clergy, during the two-month investigation, even while my offender remained on the job. “Congregations act like family systems,” he wrote in an email. “In this kind of situation, your benign actions could create unintended consequences.” When it was over, I learned that he had decided to handle my complaint “pastorally” and “confidentially.” He acknowledged that my priest had sexualized the pastoral relationship, but he didn’t consider the offense serious enough to invoke canon law. He had disciplined the offender privately, and he would not be informing the congregation.

“Really?” I asked. “Then as a courtesy, I need to let you know that I intend to talk to my friends. I need them to understand why I’m leaving.”

I could see his face visibly pale. “If you start talking to people,” he warned, “you could lose control of the information.”

Control? With hierarchical duct tape over my mouth, ripping it off and telling my story was the only control I had left. I began reaching out to the people to whom I had been closest, and I know the church could hear me because of what happened next. Friends dropped my acquaintance. Clergy spurned me in public, even clergy from other congregations. When I contacted national headquarters to find out why the canons had been ignored, I had to make the inquiry through a third party. All she was able to glean was that no one in headquarters would speak directly with a victim. Since then, I have reached out to my former church on this issue at least half a dozen times. In all those years, I’ve received exactly one response: “Thank you for your note and good luck in your future endeavors.”

When it comes to victims’ voices, church structure doesn’t matter. A congregational church can silence the victim by failing to provide a path to justice. A hierarchical church can silence the victim by marshaling its resources against her voice. Either way, the victim loses.

The good news: for the most part, the harm is unintentional. Most church leaders are people of good intent. When my former denomination strengthened their misconduct canons and added new protections for victims, a well-respected priest wrote proudly of the “transparency and accountability” that her church practiced. If she was blind to the reality on the ground, it wasn’t her fault. When honest leaders don’t see the impact of clergy sexual misconduct, it’s only because they’ve never met a survivor who is willing to tell her story.

And that is why I’m here. My voice, once silenced, is now strong. When leaders listen, my voice becomes my power.

I have no power in my former church at this point. What would I say to them anyway? On paper, they already have a strong process. But I’m excited about the opportunity to work with my new church. When I have spoken openly as a survivor, my voice has been heard and honored. I’m now in the homework stage. How does the congregational process work? What kind of complaints get escalated, and how? What kind of support do victims receive? How do victims find these resources? Most important, whom do I need to reach to start this conversation?

Stay tuned, friends!

* I refer to offenders as “he” and victims as “she” to reflect reality. Nearly all cases of clergy sexual misconduct involve a male offender and a female victim.

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